Labrador was one of the five designated nature reserves when the Nature Reserve Ordinance was enacted in 1951. Four hectares of cliff-side vegetation at Labrador Park was originally marked for conservation in order to protect the habitat of the primitive fern, Dipteris Conjugata. The fern was growing wild in north-western and coastal Singapore before its distribution was confined to Labrador in the early 1950s.
Besides Dipteris Conjugata, Berlayer Creek and Labrador Park are home to 60 recorded bird species, 19 fish species and 14 true mangrove plant species.
Along the boardwalk, visitors will get a chance to see the Bakau Pasir (Rhizophora stylosa) and the Nypah Palm (Nypa fruticans)—both are vulnerable mangrove plants. These mangrove plants stabilise the coastline and prevents coastal erosion with its dense roots systems by filtering out sediments and trapping them from flowing down streams and rivers.
Some 60 species of birds have been recorded in Berlayer Creek. One of Singapore’s fiercest raptors, the White-bellied Fish Eagle called Berlayer Creek and Labrador Park home. Tiny gregarious Ashy Tailorbirds and Common Tailorbirds are ever present to greet visitors to the mangrove with their characteristic repetitive calls.