Banglo Hitam dan Puteh
பிலக் என் வைட் பங்கலோ-
Coined “black and white” after their distinct black timber frames and white walls, these Black and White Bungalows in Wessex Estate were constructed by the British from 1930s onwards to house British personnel working in the nearby military installations at Alexandra and Pasir Panjang. The term “bungalow” derives from a Hindi dialect word “bangala” which means “of or from Bengal.”
Designed in the Black-and-white Revival architectural style, these Anglo-Indian bungalows feature a thatched roof with long eaves protruding from the top of the exterior walls that are common in that part of India. Supported by timber pillars, the eaves form a veranda which shelters the house from rain and prevents its interior from overheating. The British beautify the traditional Indian bungalows with Classical columns and tall shuttered windows, and furnish the walls with bricks and tiles. This unique architecture, which created a cooler living environment for the British in tropical colonies, was brought into Singapore.
With the withdrawal of British military forces in 1971, these bungalows became vacated. Today, they are used as art galleries and residences.
The Black and White Bungalows or Ang Moh Chus (Hokkien: 红毛屋) were playgrounds for some Queenstown residents. Tan Teck Wah, 62, recalled, “My brothers and I would always walk across the railway tracks and make our way to the Ang Mo Chus. These houses were big and beautiful and it seemed like a paradise. We would play catching and hide-and-seek there.”
Opened in 1948, Colbar (or Colonial Bar) was a popular restaurant along Jalan Hang Jebat which catered for the British troops who resided in Wessex Estate. In 2003, the Colbar restaurant was closed to make way for a flyover linking two of the main highways in Singapore. The previous building was carefully dismantled and its parts were used to reconstruct a new restaurant at Whitchurch Road so that it resembled the old bar.